Should I Use Parentheses Or Commas?

What is a parenthetical dash?

Em dashes set apart parenthetical phrases or clauses in a sentence.

In this use, em dashes are similar to commas and parentheses, but there are subtle differences.

For example, em dashes are used when a parenthetical remark contains an internal comma or would otherwise sound awkward if enclosed by commas..

How do you use parentheses correctly?

Parentheses are used to enclose incidental or extra information, such as a passing comment, a minor example or addition, or a brief explanation. The writer may choose to put additional information within parentheses or to set off the text using dashes or commas.

What is the difference between brackets and parentheses in writing?

Parentheses are punctuation marks that are used to set off information within a text or paragraph. … Brackets, sometimes called square brackets, are most often used to show that words have been added to a direct quotation.

What is as well as?

As well is an adverb which means ‘also’, ‘too’ or ‘in addition’. We usually use as well at the end of a clause: We look forward very much to seeing you again and to meeting your wife as well. As well as is a multi-word preposition which means ‘in addition to’: She has invited Jill as well as Kate.

Can you use a dash instead of a comma?

Use Dashes in Place of a Comma Em dashes can be used in pairs to replace commas when writing a parenthetical or interruptive phrase. The dashes have a slightly more emphatic feel, making the reader focus on this information that is set inside the special marks.

Which is or that is?

The clause that comes after the word “which” or “that” is the determining factor in deciding which one to use. If the clause is absolutely pertinent to the meaning of the sentence, you use “that.” If you could drop the clause and leave the meaning of the sentence intact, use “which.”

Does punctuation go outside parentheses?

Periods and Parentheses When a complete, independent sentence is entirely enclosed by parentheses, the period goes inside the closing parenthesis. … But, if the parenthetical material is nested inside another sentence, the period should go on the outside.

When using parentheses do you use commas or brackets?

Formality of your writing helps determine your choiceCommas are more formal than dashes or parentheses. They are also less intrusive. … Dashes are less formal than commas or parentheses. … Parentheses are most useful to include short asides or background information such as dates, percentages and financial information.

How do you punctuate with parentheses?

Punctuation with parentheses is very similar to punctuation with quotation marks. If the information in the parentheses is a separate, complete sentence, the period at the end of the sentence goes inside the parentheses.

What is the purpose of parentheses?

Parentheses (always used in pairs) allow a writer to provide additional information. The parenthetical material might be a single word, a fragment, or multiple complete sentences. Whatever the material inside the parentheses, it must not be grammatically integral to the surrounding sentence.

Do parentheses go inside period?

The period is a strong punctuation mark—think of it as controlling the action in the sentence, which occurs outside the parentheses. 2. When a whole sentence falls inside parentheses, the period goes inside. Correct: (Several other courses were offered, but they were not as popular.)

Why are parentheses rather than dashes or commas used in this sentence?

Why are parentheses, rather than dashes or commas, used in this sentence? A. Parentheses are being used because they set off longer, less-related parenthetical asides. … Parentheses are being used because they are setting off an aside that already contains commas.

What is a () called?

are all called brackets. They indicate that the terms within any of them are considered as one quantity. () are called round brackets or parentheses, {} called curly brackets or braces and [] are the square brackets. … We use these brackets when we want to enclose part of an expression already within brackets.

What are pointy brackets called?

{ }: brace or curly bracket. < >: pointy bracket or inequality sign. One more paired punctuation, the angle bracket (〈 〉), is used mainly in mathematics; however, most computer keyboards do not have these symbols and writers tend to use the pointy brackets in its place.

When should you put numbers in parentheses?

Example: He finally answered—after taking five minutes to think—that he did not understand the question.Use parentheses to enclose words or figures that clarify or for an aside. … Use parentheses to enclose numbers and letters of listed items in a sentence as well as in outline format.More items…

Do you put as well as in commas?

When “as well as” is used as a conjunction (i.e. in place of “and”), there is no need to use commas before or after the phrase. Moreover, it should always be used with a singular verb.

Can an entire sentence be in parentheses?

(When a complete sentence is enclosed in parentheses, place punctuation in the sentence inside the parentheses, like this.) If only part of a sentence is enclosed in parentheses (like this), place punctuation outside the parentheses (like this).

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

What can I use instead of parentheses?

A pair of em dashes can replace a pair of parentheses. Dashes are considered less formal than parentheses; they are also more intrusive. If you want to draw attention to the parenthetical content, use dashes. If you want to include the parenthetical content more subtly, use parentheses.